Did you know that a gene mutation is responsible for some dog breeds having particularly short legs?
The mutation of a gene causes the absence of a protein that inhibits the development of the extremities. There are some dog breeds with short legs.
In today’s article, you’ll learn more about this genetic change that took place over the course of the centuries.
- Dog breeds with short legs
The genetic mutation that has led to short-legged dogs is still under investigation by scientists and veterinarians.
This change took place during the development of the wolf to the dog.
Short-legged dogs lack the protein that allows their limbs to grow. However, the body, tail, and head are not affected.
In certain breeds, this deficit is accompanied by calcification of the growth gaps, also known as “disproportionate dwarfism”.
- Welsh Corgi Pembroke
The Welsh Corgi Pembroke (photo) comes from Great Britain, where he was bred as a shepherd dog.
It comes from the pets that introduced the Vikings to Wales in the ninth century. The word “Corgi” means “miniature dog” in the Celtic language.
He is a robust dog, with an elongated body, big ears, and fox-like appearance. The coat can be reddish, beige, black or brown with white marks.
Unfortunately, in many cases, the tail is amputated at birth.
Dachshund or dachshund is one of the most famous short-legged dogs. His elongated body and small extremities, as well as his brown color, have given him the nickname “sausage” in many languages.
This dog has its origin in Germany, where the breed became official in 1888.
He has a very long tail, a stretched snout, big ears that fall into his face and black nails that attract attention.
The dachshund can have short or long coat. Unfortunately, he often has problems with the spine and the ribs.
- Basset Hound
The Basset is also one of the most well-known dogs with short legs, and this special feature of the small extremities is known in his honor under the name “Bassetismus”.
He is a hunting dog of French origin whose ancestor is the English Blood Hound.
Another special feature is the long ears, which usually grind on the floor, so they get dirty quickly.
The body is sturdy and although it does not look like this, it is quite long, so it can reach certain surfaces that it would not reach with just its short legs … like the kitchen counter!
- Scottish Terrier
The Scottish Terrier is another dog with short legs. Originally from the highlands, it is an excellent grave and was created to look for badgers in the mountains.
His cock is strong and long so that his owners can pull him out of his homemade cock holes.
The Scottish Terrier has a very long snout and pointed ears that always stand upright. The coat can be black, brown or gold, with a “wooly” look and a distinctive beard and mustache.
In terms of temper, we can point out that it is a territorial dog, agile, fast, purposeful and very independent.
He is also confident, intelligent and playful. He is known for his stubbornness and for being very affectionate with children.
- Cairn Terrier
The last of the short-legged dogs in this list was also born in the Scottish Highlands to hunt and catch prey in caves.
He is a small animal, with a hairy face, small ears and a short tail, which always stands upright. Its abundant coat of double layer is water repellent and can be black, gray, beige or reddish.
In terms of temperament, the Cairn Terrier is very happy, perfect as a pet, easy to train and has little barking.
But there are even more short-legged dogs: English Miniature Bull Terrier, West Highland White Terrier, Beagle, Norfolk Terrier, Maltese and American Bully.