Group 4 of the FCI are the Dachshunds. In our article, we will tell you more about these cute companions.
The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI for short) is responsible for defining the standards for each breed of dog and categorizing them according to their characteristics. In this article, we tell you about the dogs of group 4: the dachshund.
Dog breeds of group 4
This group consists of a single section. Dachshunds, Teckels or even Dachshunds are called these divided into three different types, depending on their size and their tasks.
This breed gets its special look through a genetic mutation called bassetism. You can also find them in the Basset Hound. Depending on the weight, the dogs are divided into the following classes:
- Standard (9 to 11 kg)
- Miniature (4.5 to 6 kg)
- Rabbits (less than 4.5 kg)
One differentiates the dogs of group 4 also because of their fur:
- Rough hair (gray colored)
- Shorthair (black, with brown and red spots)
- Long hair (same colors as the short hair dachshund)
History and characteristics of the dachshund
The dogs of group 4 come from Germany of the late 19th century. In 1888 the first written document about the characteristics of this breed is written. The popularity of the Dachshund is closely related to the nobility. Queen Victoria, for example, was a big fan of the Dachshunds.
Even if this breed is an earth dog, the FCI has decided to create its own group for the breed. It’s just too different from others, like the Basset Hound.
The appearance of the Dachshund is very strange and difficult to confuse. A long body, a long tail, an outstretched muzzle, short paws, black claws and long, falling ears are typical of the Teckel. He was bred to find rabbits and other animals living in buildings on the field. It is a very brave animal that is not afraid of any confrontation with a boar or a bigger dog.
Behavior and education of the Dachshund
Dachshunds are usually a bit stubborn, but can still educate. These group 4 dogs are sometimes slightly spoiled by their owner because of their size. They are told that they are moody. However, if properly educated, they may become dedicated followers of their master or mistress.
Dachshunds are very intelligent and learn fast. You just need a little patience and consistency. They are cuddly, protective and playful … In general, they get along well with children, even if they sometimes deal with them harshly.
Even if dachshunds have a wonderful sense of smell and could do the job of a hunting dog, they are neither terriers nor wirehead pointers and they are not used in hunting.
The health of the Dachshund
One of the most common health problems of these animals is related to the long spine and the short ribs. If the dogs are overweight, they can quickly get herniated. To avoid these diseases, the dachshund should not climb stairs every day and not jump too much.
With appropriate physical activity, there should be no problems. The fur noses can let off steam in the open air. Dogs of group 4 are very mobile and have good reflexes. Due to their short paws, they can not run very fast.
You have to brush them regularly. This is done by using a bristled brush to remove the dead skin. You can either cleanse the dog with dry shampoo or otherwise make sure that it is well dried after the bath.
Because of their small size and their pleasant character, they can be kept both in apartments and in a house with a garden. They love life at home and take great care of their family.